SINGLE HOLE SURGERY FOR GALL BLADDER STONE
Bibliography for Complications of Laparoscopic Gall Bladder Surgery
Page is under construction .. but s
important references can be viewed.
770,000 cholecystectomy procedures performed in the United States each year.
Bile duct injury (BDI) is the scourge of LC
Main cause is misperception & not lack of knowledge, skill or judgment
Misperception is so compelling that the problem is not recognized
The primary cause of error in 97% of cases was a visual perceptual illusion.
BDI is an inherent risk of LC.
Only 25% BDI are found preoperatively. (Thus a surgeon can miss 75% even after completion of
…. Slide no. 18
This slide also states that about 50% of injuries present weeks to years after surgery.